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Community surrounding Archive, a refereed academic journal, which hosts studies in different aspects of culture. Content should be licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.



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Archive (Athens)
Apr 2, 2021 Pavlidis Georgios, Prof. University of Macedonia
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Dyslexia is the extreme difficulty in reading, spelling, and writing, especially in transferring thought to writing. The above problems are not due to mental or psychological-environmental-educational factors, but to neurological and usually hereditary causes. Dyslexics read extremely slowly and with many errors. They often skip lines, repeat, add or remove syllables, or replace words to such an extent that sometimes they see another word and read another. They perform much better orally than...
Topics: Biomedicine, Dyslexia, Eye-movement test, Hyperactivity, Impulsivity, Dyslexia Prognosis
Archive (Athens)
Mar 19, 2021 Vernicos Nicolas, Prof. Emeritus, University of the Aegean; Dascalopoulou Sofia, Prof. Emerita, University of the Aegean
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An analysis of the place names of the coastal area of Crimea (Tauris) has been found in the description of Pallas (1795), along with the study of two or three historic «monuments» of the written and oral linguistic tradition of the Crimean Greeks, make it possible to establish a small vocabulary. This historic glossary provides several direct and indirect informations on the cultural heritage of the Greek speaking communities of Mariupol who live along with the Tatar-speaking Urums who have...
Topics: Anthropology, Ethnology, History, Hellenism in Crimea, Urums
Archive (Athens)
Mar 6, 2021 Kalogeropoulos Konstantinos, Dr. University of the Aegean
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Archaeological science, also known as Archaeometry, is related to the application of scientific techniques, physical and chemical, for the analysis of archaeological materials, with the main goal of dating them. Dating methods used not only for archeology, are two, relative and absolute dating. Relative dating is the science of determining the relative order of past events. Before the discovery of radiometric dating in the early 20th century has been used in geology, to correlate rock or...
Topics: Archaeology, Archaeometry, Absolute dating, Relative dating
Archive (Athens)
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A very important issue in the research of feasts is the effort to find the necessary sources that lead to the understanding of the reasons why the church, as an administration and as a functional body, decides and ultimately favors the formation of a feast, either despotic or theological. In the present study, an attempt is made to investigate, not so much the reasons, but the preliminary stages that led to the final formation of the feast of Presentation of Jesus at the Temple, in the 4th...
Topics: Theology, Patristic Texts, Presentation of Jesus at the Temple
Archive (Athens)
Jan 6, 2021 Dimoglidis Vasileios, Ph.D. Student, University of Cincinnati
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Ο Ίων του Ευριπίδη είναι ένα άγνωστο και αμφιλεγόμενο έργο. Η χρονολόγησή του είναι αβέβαιη και ο Lesky το χρονολογεί μεταξύ του 414 και του 413 ΠΚΕ. Άγνωστα είναι και τα άλλα τρία έργα της τετραλογίας, με τα οποία ο Ευριπίδης συμμετείχε στον δραματικό διαγωνισμό, όπως και οι...
Topics: Dramatic Art, Theater Studies, Euripides, Ion, Models of Emotion Reaction, Tragic Heroine
Archive (Athens)
Dec 9, 2020 Kalogeropoulos Konstantinos, Dr. University of the Aegean
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Περιεχόμενα Δασκαλοπούλου, Σ. 2020, Γαμηλιότητα: Οι προτιμήσεις και οι κανόνες, 6-38. Καλογερόπουλος, Κ. 2020, Η θρησκεία και η λατρεία στο αρχαιολογικό πλαίσιο, 39-45. Ιωαννίδου, Α. 2020, O ρόλος του διεθνούς δικαστηρίου της Χάγης στη διεθνή κοινότητα, 46-54. Γκολομάζου, Θ. 2020, Αφομοιωτικό...
Topics: Anthropology, Archaeology, Law, Education, Architecture
Archive (Athens)
Dec 9, 2020 Verona Ornela, Architect, National Technical University of Athens; Kostidakis Theodoros, Architect, National Technical University of Athens
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It is a fact that there is a constant interaction between space and man. This happens in many ways. Any architecture, like any other external object, is understood by man through a process of perception, which transforms the messages of the senses into individual experience and knowledge. But during this process the external stimulus is altered. That is, the inner image one forms of the building is never the same as the actual image of the building. The inner image is charged with various kinds...
Topics: Architecture, Psychology
Archive (Athens)
Dec 9, 2020 Golomazou Theodora, MA in Adult Education, Hellenic Open University
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Intercultural education and assimilative education are two educational models with radically opposite orientations and goals. They represent two different roles of education in managing the issue of social diversity and require different educational policies and programs, focused on either the idea of assimilation or the idea of the right to cultural particularity. This essay explores the assimilation and intercultural practices in education and attempts a critical approach to the Greek...
Topics: Adult Education, Intercultural Education, Assimilative Education
Archive (Athens)
May 8, 2020 Ioannidou Anna, MA in Law, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki
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The subject of this paper is the International Court of Justice in The Hague and its multidimensional role in resolving transnational disputes in the international community. In particular, it focuses on the process of appeal of a country before it and the conditions for its legalization. At the same time, emphasis is placed on the consent of the parties and the process of concluding the joint agreement. Finally, an attempt is made to assess the contribution of the International Court of...
Topics: Law, International Court of Justice in The Hague, Transnational Disputes
Archive (Athens)
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Τα καδέρνα της Αστυπάλαιας 1510-1525I (Quaderni di Stampalia 1510-1525), αφορούν σε καλλιεργητές και γεωργική παραγωγή, όπως και σε ανθρώπους και τοπωνύμια. Τα πέντε τετράδια έχουν καταχωριστεί στο αρχείο του ιδρύματος με την ακόλουθη σειρά: Libretto 1:  χρονολογίας 1522, φωτογραφίες nos DSCF0045 – 0049....
Topics: Anthropology, Quaderni di Stampalia, Anaphe, Astypalaia, Fondazione Querini Stampalia, Toponymics
Archive (Athens)
May 3, 2020 Dascalopoulou Sofia, Prof. Emerita, University of the Aegean
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In the following paper we focus on the social reaction against the expansion of the “celibacy zone”, which the church and the relevant Byzantine canons (10th and 11th century) tried to restore. To understand this reaction, suffice it to recall that the rural communities that today make up for the most part modern societies with complex structures (Levi-Strauss 1949) –to which we belong- used to be relatively limited population groups with endogamic reproductive tendencies. These are...
Topics: Anthropology, Ethnology, Nuptiality
Archive (Athens)
May 1, 2020 Kalogeropoulos Konstantinos, Dr. University of the Aegean
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According to Rowan (2010) study of religion and ritual in the archaeological context is usually related to research into the “world religions” especially those with sacred texts and iconographic framework. A new form of archaeological approach focuses on the understanding of the material forms of religion, through the combination of multiple perspectives and different methodological approaches. Modern archaeological research on religion can be based on three factors. One is the timeless...
Topics: Archaeology, Religion, Worship, Archaeological Context, Agency
Archive (Athens)
Dec 16, 2019 Kalogeropoulos Konstantinos, Dr. University of the Aegean
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Περιεχόμενα Rackham, O., Vernicos, N. 2019, Chalki in the Dodecanese, 6-31. Μαστοράκη, Α. 2019, Η γνωσιοθεωρία του Descartes και η αντίπερα όχθη: Locke και Hume, 32-38. Καλογερόπουλος, Κ. 2019, Ο ζωγράφος του Πειραιά, 39-45. Μαφρέδας, Θ. 2019, Άγιος Χριστόφορος ο Κυνοκέφαλος, 46-60. Ψυλλίδης, Α. 2019, Ψηφιακή Τεχνολογία:...
Topic: Ecology, Philosophy, Archaeology, Byzantine Art, Digital Technology
Archive (Athens)
Dec 15, 2019 Vernicos Nicolas, Prof. Emeritus, University of the Aegean; Rackham Oliver, Prof. Corpus Christi, Cambridge
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Η Χάλκη είναι νησί με ελάχιστη βλάστηση και ερημοποιημένο, όπως πολλά νησιά του Αιγαίου, αλλά μέχρι πρόσφατα είχε σχετικά μεγάλο πληθυσμό. Εξετάζουμε την ιστορική οικολογία της κυρίως από τα στοιχεία που περιέχονται στο παρόν τοπίο και τη βλάστηση. Καταλήγουμε στο...
Topics: Environment, Ecology, Anthropology, Chalki
Archive (Athens)
Dec 9, 2019 Psyllidis Achilleas, Architect, National Technical University of Athens
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The transition from the age of the machine and the corresponding mechanistic perception of space, a consequence of the achievements of the Industrial Revolution, in the Age of the Information Revolution, brought further radical changes in living standards and the perceptual state of spatial structures. Televisions, Internet, modern digital media, are just some of the elements that have redefined the logic of space boundaries. This short essay is an excerpt from a Lecture at the School of...
Topics: Digital Technology, Architecture, Age of Information
Archive (Athens)
Dec 8, 2019 Mastoraki Androniki, Msc in Systematic Philosophy, National and Kapodistrian University
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Descartes is no unfairly considered «father of neoteric philosophy», as his work has been a deep section in the history of philosophical thought. In this essay we will examine the confrontation of Descartes as it concerns “method of knowledge” and we will analyze his argumentation in the Meditations on the First Philosophy. Then we will attempt a concise comparison on Descartes’, Locke’s and Hume’s method, in regard to the degree of certainty of knowledge of sensible world.
Topics: Philosophy, Epistemology, Rene Descartes, Meditations on the First Philosophy
Archive (Athens)
Dec 7, 2019 Kalogeropoulos Konstantinos Dr. University of the Aegean
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The painter of (the vase) of Piraeus was one of the first painters of black-figure pottery and it seems that he was active between 630 and 600 BCE. He is a representative of the Late Proto-Attic period of pottery production, which is related to Piraeus’ and Nessos’ amphoras. However the obvious difference in the quality of the glaze raises reasonable questions: Was a different kind of clay used? The differences are byproducts of technique used in firing? Does clay come from Attic land? Has...
Topics: Archaeology, Archaeometry, Ancient Greek Pottery, Piraeus Painter
Archive (Athens)
Dec 5, 2019 Mafredas Thomas, Dr. University of West Attica
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In this essay, an attempt is made to interpret the iconographic type of St. Christopher, in the form of a dog, as well as to investigate the causes of the creation of this iconographic type, based on its various biographical data, as reported by various authors. Essentially, an attempt is made to find the iconographic model of this iconography, while at the same time a theological approach is given to the iconography of the saint in the form of a dog. It is a hagiological, iconographic and...
Topics: Byzantine Studies, Byzantine Art, Theology
Archive (Athens)
Dec 17, 2018 Kalogeropoulos Konstantinos, Dr. University of the Aegean
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Περιεχόμενα Ιωαννίδου, Α. 2018, Εμπειρισμός, κοινωνικό συμβόλαιο και ιδιοποίηση στην πολιτική φιλοσοφία του Locke, 6-14. Μαστοράκη, Α. 2018, Η έννοια της αρετής στον Αριστοτέλη, Archive, 14, 15-21. Vernicos, N., Dascalopoulou, S. 2018, Information and the Human Use Systems, 22-32. Σκαπινάκης, Π., Γερμενής, Α. 2018, Κριτική αξιολόγηση...
Topics: Philosophy, Anthropology, Medicine, Sociology
Archive (Athens)
Dec 16, 2018 Vernicos Nicolas, Prof. Emeritus, University of the Aegean; Dascalopoulou Sofia, Prof. Emerita, University of the Aegean
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Η πληροφορία είναι μια μαθηματική έννοια που εισήχθη το 1949 από τον C. E. Shannon στη μαθηματική θεωρία της επικοινωνίας (Shannon and Weaver 1964). Συνδέεται με ένα ποσοτικό μέτρο εντροπίας –που θεωρείται τόσο διαταραχή όσο και μη αναστρέψιμη- και με μαρκοβιανές διεργασίες (Nicolis and Prigogine, 1989)...
Topics: Cultural Technology, Human Use Systems
Archive (Athens)
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In conditions of economic globalization, there is a tendency to redefine business strategies with a view to integrating the principles of corporate social responsibility (CSR). Although the new orthodoxy in management involves respect for human rights and the environment in the context of sustainable development, the question of whether and to what extent business ethics can be attuned to social values and expectations remains a major issue in practice. Although in Western societies the era of...
Topics: Corporate Social Responsibility, Political Economy, Sustainable Development
Archive (Athens)
Dec 8, 2018 Scapinakis Petros, Prof. of Medicine, University of Ioannina; Germenis Anastasios, Prof. Emeritus of Medicine, University of Thessaly
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The term critical appraisal, as used in evidence-based medicine (ΕBΜ), refers to the application of predetermined principles and rules for assessing the methodological quality and clinical usefulness of a scientific article. Of course, the need to evaluate medical studies is not new. However, the new “example” (according to Thomas Khun) of ΕΒΜ places great emphasis on this, because it aims to search for the best indications and, therefore, presupposes the application of a systematic...
Topics: Evidence-Based Medicine, Critical Appraisal, Bibliography
Archive (Athens)
Dec 7, 2018 Mastoraki Androniki, Msc in Systematic Philosophy, National and Kapodistrian University
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The concept of virtue is a cornerstone of Aristotle’s moral philosophy, which is presented, mainly, in three works: the Great Ethics, the Eudemian Ethics and the Nicomachean Ethics. According to Düring, in The Great Ethics Aristotle addresses to young listeners and places emphasis on logical argumentation and classification; […] Eudemian Ethics, with the exception of the introduction, is a scientific course (Kolleg) for advanced listeners of the Academy. Finally, Nicomachean Ethics is a...
Topics: Philosophy, Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics
Archive (Athens)
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This essay analyzes the most important points of the political philosophy of John Locke. It presents the empirical theory of knowledge and the relation between the individual, the ideas and the reality. At the heart of Locke’s political philosophy stands the right of citizens to protect their property, life and liberty. Moreover, the essay gives emphasis on the Two Treatises of Government, where Locke defends the theory of social contract, natural law and natural rights. The goal of this...
Topics: Political Philosophy, John Locke, Social Contract, Natural Law
Archive (Athens)
Aug 7, 2018 Dascalopoulou Sofia, Prof. Emerita, University of the Aegean
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[Les] Anoyia de Mylopotamos est un village de la préfecture de Réthymnon et chef-lieu de la municipalité homonyme (dème) d’Anoyia. La bourgade est située sur le versant nord de Psiloritis (Mont Ida), sur la crête appelée Armi, à une altitude de 700 à 790 mètres. Il est à 52 km de Réthymnon et à 36 km d’Héraklion. Le village, avec une population de 2.454 habitants, se divise en 5 districts – Synoikismos, Metohi, Mesohoria, Aï Yioryis (saint Georges), Aï Yiannis ou Kavalaria...
Topics: Anoyia, Familles Lineaires, L' espace socio-culturel
Archive (Athens)
Dec 7, 2017 Kalogeropoulos Konstantinos, Dr. University of the Aegean
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Περιεχόμενα Καλογερόπουλος, Κ. 2017, Η κάθαρση στην αρχαιοελληνική γραμματεία, 13, 6-11. Dimoglidis, V. 2017, The course of Phaedra’s erotic passion in Euripides’ Hippolytus, 12-21. Βερνίκος, Ν. 2017, Ένα επαναστατικό σχέδιο των Ελλήνων της Ηπείρου, Θεσσαλίας και Μακεδονίας 1806-1807 και η ανταρσία του Θύμιου Βλαχάβα το 1808,...
Topics: Religion, Catharsis, Ancient Greek Mysteries, Philology, History
Archive (Athens)
Dec 6, 2017 Dimoglidis Vasileios, Ph.D. Student, University of Cincinnati
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The aim of this paper is to present the evolutionary course of Phaedra’s erotic passion for her stepson, Hippolytus, in Euripides’ homonymous tragedy. Simultaneously, another point that will be discussed is the formation of passion by other dramatic persons, particularly the Nurse and Hippolytus. This paper was presented, in an early version, at the Second Annual Classics Conference held by the Association of Graduate Students and PhD Candidates of Philology Department at the University of...
Topics: Theatrical Studies, Euripides, Hippolytus
In the spring of 1808 in the northwest of Thessaly, in the area of Kalampaka and in Hasia, into the mountains that separate Grevena from the plain of Trikala, there has been an uprising that allegedly aspired to be the trigger of a wider revolutionary movement, which aimed at the autonomy or liberation of the Greeks from the Ottoman yoke. The text with the list of captains who had (as it is said) agreed in writing with “Agent Dimitris” to revolt by recruiting 47,000 armed men, was saved in...
Topics: History, Greek Uprising of 1808, Papa-Vlahavas
Archive (Athens)
Oct 8, 2017 Kalogeropoulos Konstantinos, Dr. University of the Aegean
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Conceptually, the term purification or Catharsis is defined as the redemption of the human soul from innate or acquired elements, which hinder its balanced function. It is a purifying process in its nature, in which the soul can get rid of the unnecessary elements it has acquired while performing its functions. It was also necessary for the entrance to the ancient mysteries, which aimed at the union of the soul with the divine aspect of existence.
Topics: Religion, Catharsis, Ancient Greek Mysteries, Anthropology, Ancient Greek Mysteries
Archive (Athens)
Dec 9, 2016 Kalogeropoulos Konstantinos, Dr. University of the Aegean
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Περιεχόμενα Ιωαννίδου, Α. 2016, Το ατομικό δικαίωμα της ιδιοκτησίας στα ελληνικά επαναστατικά Συντάγματα, 12, 6-13. Λαγουδάκη, Ε. 2016, Το επιχείρημα της ιδιωτικής γλώσσας, 14-18. Μαστοράκη, Α. 2016, Παλαιολιθική εγκατάσταση – Νεολιθικός οικισμός – Πόλη της Εποχής του Χαλκού, 19-28....
Topics: Law, Philosophy, Archaeology, Anthropology
Archive (Athens)
Dec 8, 2016 Dascalopoulou Sofia, Prof. Emerita, University of the Aegean; Vernicos Nicolas, Prof. Emeritus, University of the Aegean
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Connue sous le nom de Pont Euxin, la mer Noire a depuis l’antiquité constitue, pour les Grecs, le «pontos» (i.e. la mer) par excellence pour la navigation, le commerce des produits alimentaires et des matières premières. C’était aussi vers ses rivages que se dirigèrent des vagues de migrations successives qui ont conduit à la création d’un réseau de colonies côtières qui hellénisèrent le bassin pontique ou les colons coexistaient avec les peuples riverains. Cette situation...
Topics: Autochtonéité des Krim Roum, Colonies Grecques et Pontiques, L' Hellénisme du Pont Euxin Grecs...
Archive (Athens)
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This essay provides a brief overview and description of the rhythm and sculptural decoration of the Parthenon and the temple of Zeus at Olympia. The two temples are considered typologically Doric. The typology is relativized, however, if differences observed are taken into account, due to the introduction of Ionic and Cycladic elements in the construction of the Parthenon, and the creative pressure exerted by the Temple of Zeus on the Parthenon and vice versa -at least in the sculptural program...
Topics: Archaeology, Architecture, Ancient Greek Art, Parthenon, Temple of Zeus at Olympia
Archive (Athens)
Dec 6, 2016 Mastoraki Androniki, Msc in Systematic Philosophy, National and Kapodistrian University
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Paleolithic is characterized by unstable climatic conditions and the consecutive existence of nomadic hunters-gatherers. On the contrary, Neolithic era in Helladic - Aegean area it is characterized by stabilization of climatic conditions, a fact that favored the organization of settlements of permanent character, with economy supported by systematic agricultural exploitation, livestock-farming, exchange of raw materials and products, and the production of  ceramics. During Bronze Age take...
Topics: Archaeology, Paleolithic Settlement, Neolithic Settlement, Bronze Age City
Archive (Athens)
Dec 5, 2016 Lagoudaki Eleni, Cultural Studies, Hellenic Open University
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This essay deals with the argument of the mature theory of Ludwig Wittgenstein (1889-1951) against the possibility of the existence of a "private language". This is an argument based on the position that there can be no language that has been invented and understood by a single person. In addition, he considers it impossible to assimilate language from our inner consciousness. In order to understand and comprehend this assumption, the path that his thought followed until he came to...
Topics: Ludwig Wittgenstein, Philosophy, The Argument of the Private Language
Archive (Athens)
Dec 2, 2016 Ioannidou Anna, MA in Law, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki
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The purpose of this paper is to present the constitutional framework for the protection of the individual right to property during the revolutionary period, where the effort is being made to organize and form the Greek state according to the bourgeois liberal European model. Property in the period under study, due to its great social and economic importance, is placed at the center of political upheavals, both at national and European level.
Topics: Law Individual Right to Property, Greek Revolutionary Constitutions
Archive (Athens)
Dec 17, 2015 Kalogeropoulos Konstantinos, Dr. University of the Aegean
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Περιεχόμενα Εμμανουηλίδου, Ελ. 2015, Η σεξουαλική ανάπτυξη και ζωή των εφήβων με ειδικές ανάγκες, 6-14. Βουλιάκης, Π. 2015, Αναγέννηση και Μεταρρύθμιση: Η συμβολή τους στην κατάλυση των πεποιθήσεων και αξιών που κυριαρχούσαν τον Μεσαίωνα, 15-25. Βενετοπούλου, Π. 2015, Η φιλοσοφία απλή...
Topics: Biomedicine, Philosophy, Literature, Archaeology, History, Medieval History, History, Philosophy,...
Archive (Athens)
Dec 15, 2015 Kalogeropoulos Konstantinos, Dr. University of the Aegean
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Etruscans developed an impressive culture since 8th century BCE. Their art as special cultural expression attracted the attention of researchers and sightseers even before archeology turned to be an officially scientific discipline. The interest of Etruscans for burial rituals and the adoration of “dead” inherited to us an astonishing collection of well-maintained remains of their culture. The immense dimensions of cemeteries, the architecture of graves and the abundance of artefacts are...
Topics: Archaeology, Etruscans, Burial Rituals, Afterworld
Archive (Athens)
Dec 10, 2015 Athanasopoulos Panagiotis, Archaeologist, University of Thessaly
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Problems posed by Homeric geography, and especially the wanderings of Odysseus, had excited scholars and historians since antiquity. Starting from the journeys described in the Odyssey, two main contexts of research were developed. On the first context belong those who argued that the places Odysseus visited could be identified with specific points on the map (either in the Mediterranean basin or across the Straits of Gibraltar in the Atlantic Ocean). On the second context belong researchers...
Topics: Archaeology, Odysseus, Homeric Geography
Archive (Athens)
Dec 7, 2015 Emmanouilidou Eleutheria, Pediatrician, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki
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In recent decades, with the progress made in the treatment of acute and infectious diseases, there has been a significant shift in the interest of physicians and pediatricians in the particular problems of chronic diseases. With the increase in the life expectancy of adolescents with chronic diseases, a need arose to improve the quality of life of an increasing number of these individuals.
Topics: Biomedicine, Adolescents with Special Needs, Sexual development
Archive (Athens)
Dec 7, 2015 Mavromatti Maria, Post-Doc Researcher, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki
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Η διαδικασία αγιοποίησης (ένταξη του ονόματος ενός υποτιθέμενου «αγίου» στο Αγιολόγιο της Εκκλησίας και καθιέρωση της λατρείας του) κατά τη διάρκεια του Μεσαίωνα απασχολεί κατά κόρον τους σύγχρονους μελετητές της Μεσαιωνικής Ιστορίας. Εκτός από το ερώτημα «πώς οριζόταν...
Topics: Medieval History, St Edward the Confessor, St Gilbert Canonization and Politics
Archive (Athens)
Dec 5, 2015 Siouli-Kataki Zoe, Dr. University of Peloponnese
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Writer’s ideology permeates the entire web of his literary works, giving them occasionally a different meaning. Political ideology is scattered in the works of G. Seferis, where deciphering of meanings is at least ambiguous. The same happens with Y. Ritsos with his careful transfer of personal experience to the public space. In the mid-1940s a new literary generation sprang up, especially polyphonic and multi-faceted. This generation, accepting the experiences of the war, especially the...
Topics: Literature, G. Seferis, Y. Ritsos, D. Xatzis, A. Kotzias
Archive (Athens)
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Relationship between religion and theology with philosophy and scientific thought during the Byzantine period and the period of Ottoman rule is a topic that is of particular concern to the field of research in Byzantine Studies. Dealing with the question of whether in these periods there was a cultivation of autonomous philosophical thought or philosophy remained an ancilla theologiae, we will try to define and interpret the attitude of the patriarchal tradition, Byzantine scholars and scholars...
Topics: Byzantine Studies, Philosophy, Theology
Phenomenon that evolved throughout Europe, Renaissance has its roots in the first Florentine humanism. Classical studies, which return through an autonomous and popular approach, make it possible -through critical analysis of the world in the way indicated by ancient teachers, to confirm man and his potential for free action and intellect. The Renaissance is the liberation from the strict theological doctrines of the Middle Ages in all fields of action and intellect. Renaissance is basically...
Topics: History, Middle Ages, Renaissance, Reform
Archive (Athens)
Dec 14, 2014 Kalogeropoulos Konstantinos, Dr. University of the Aegean
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Περιεχόμενα Ψυλλίδης, Α. 2014, Στρατηγικές για μια Περιβαλλοντικά Βιώσιμη Αστική Ανασυγκρότηση, 6-13. Τσοπάνης, Κ. 2014, Μιχαήλ Εμινέσκου (1850 Μολδαβία – 1889 Βουκουρέστι), 14-20. Κουτσόκωστας, Π. 2014, Οι απόψεις του M.D. Fullerton για τα Νεοαττικά Γλυπτά, 21-28. Dimoglidis, V. 2014, Attempts for Philological Critique of...
Topics: Architecture, Biography, Archaeology, Philology, Medicine, Philosophy
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Dec 12, 2014 Konstantopoulou Aikaterini, Pediatrician, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki
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Prevention aims to reduce the risk of developing disease, injury, disability, etc. It is distinguished into primary, secondary and tertiary prevention. It includes measures and practices for the environment, society and the individual. The better the socio-economic level of a country, the more fertile the ground for the development of prevention, combined with the means offered by high-tech infrastructure. Preventive action areas have been modified due to the rise in living standards, from the...
Topics: Biomedicine, Health Sciences, Prevention, Culture Diseases
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Dec 10, 2014 Tampaki, K. Pediatrician, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki; Tampakis, Th. Pediatrician, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki
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Of all Fine Arts, music is the only one that has been used so much over time as a healing medium. It is truly paradoxical that while for the nature and purpose of music, philosophy and science could not agree its healing properties have been universally recognized. The question is therefore reasonable. Τo what extent does music owe the possibility of entering the field of science, without abandoning the field of art? What qualities make this specialty a tool in the hands of music therapists,...
Topics: Biomedicine, Fetal Period, Music
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Dec 8, 2014 Kalogeropoulos Konstantinos, Dr. University of the Aegean
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The following excerpt, part of Platonic dialogue -in indirect speech narrative, stylistic and genre innovation of Plato- examines through Socrates and the participants the general problem of physics and cause, as well as the idea as a cause of birth, decay and existence. The aim of our approach is to record firstly the views of pre-Socratic philosophers, especially Anaxagoras, on knowledge and sensory perception, as described by Socrates, and to compare them with our modern perceptions of...
Topics: Philosopy, Platonic Dialogues, Phaedo, Pre-Socratics
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Dec 7, 2014 Cosmidis Dimitris, Dr. University of the Aegean; Lymperis Nikos, Maître des Conferences, Paris VI University
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If the relation between Greeks and Persians is not a story of love and hate (another aspect of love), it is at least a very interesting story. The Persian military campaigns to Asia Minor and Greece, each one with the participation of hundreds of thousands of warriors led by the richest kings of the time, such as Xerxes and Darius, could not possibly aim at the Greeks’ “riches”. Fascination with the Aegean civilization seems a more likely motive from the point of view of Persia, the other...
Topics: History, Archaeology, Anthropology, Alexander the Great
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Dec 6, 2014 Emmanouilidou Eleutheria, Pediatrician, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki
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Puberty constitutes one interval in individual’s life of enormous social, biological, psychological and intellectual change. The confrontation of chronic disease adds one more dimension in the life of adolescents. Because of the important progress on medicine more and more adolescents -concerning the past- live productive lives, despite the fact that they experience a serious illness.
Topics: Biomedicine, Chronic Disease, Adolescence
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Dec 5, 2014 Dimoglidis Vasileios, Ph.D. Student, University of Cincinnati
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This essay is a small pilot part of a forthcoming paper that examines the translation attempts for ancient tragedy. The system of criticism of translation in Greek tragedy is a system established by assistant professor of Ancient Greek and Latin Literature Helen Gasti in her lectures of Ancient Greek Tragedy. Many times this system has been misinterpreted and is rated as abstruse. However this is an unfair judgment. Through this system is distinguished each translator’s interpretative...
Topics: Philology, Criticism of translation in Greek Tragedy, Euripides
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Dec 4, 2014 Koutsokostas Panagiotis, Archaeologist, University of Thessaly
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In a period where the traditional structures for the classification of Hellenistic structure are corroded, only one context has remained immutable, the characteristically classicistic late Hellenistic period that begins roughly about 150 BCE centered in Athens. The classification of sculptures according to the archaism is problematic, because the recognition of characteristic traits of style is objective. Still bigger problem is the conflict between description and interpretation. The refined...
Topics: Archaeology, Neo-Attic Sculpture, Hellenistic Art
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Dec 2, 2014 Psyllidis Achilleas, Architect, National Technical University of Athens
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There is a need for an alternative approach to urban and architectural design, which may be based on a broader ecological concept. Urban reconstruction that stems from sustainable design and focuses on bioclimatic design issues can bring quality to urban neighborhoods. In recent years, there has been a broader emphasis on better communication between buildings and outdoor spaces, in order that urban patterns could be created, with new social needs for a different future. Obvious reasons for...
Topics: Architecture, Sustainable Design, Ecology, Social Justice
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Dec 14, 2013 Kalogeropoulos Konstantinos, Dr. University of the Aegean
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Περιεχόμενα Mavromatti, M. 2013, Symeon Stylites: His three Lives as versions of history, 6-15. Βενετοπούλου, Π. 2013, Η ηθική φιλοσοφία του Τόμας Χομπς, 16-24. Φιλιππόπουλος, Μ. 2013, Οι Βυζαντινοί και οι άλλοι τον 11o και 12o αιώνα, 25-29. Σιούλη Κατάκη, Ζ. 2013, Το πρωτογενές τελετουργικό δρώμενο της μουσικής, του χορού και...
Topic: Archaeology, Medieval History, Art, History, Byzantine Studies
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Dec 13, 2013 Vernicos Nicolas, Prof. Emeritus, University of the Aegean; Dascalopouloy Sofia, Prof. Emerita, University of the Aegean; Kalogeropoulos Konstantinos, Dr. University of the Aegean
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The Municipality of Soligeia, in which the specific syrvey took place, includes the former communities of Sofiko, Korfos and Angelokastro. The seat of the Municipality is Sofiko, 30 km SE of Corinth. Ancient Solygia is the area where one of the fiercest battles of the Peloponnesian War took place in 425 BCE. Historians identify Solygia with the ancient Municipality of Petra, the birthplace of the "Kypselides".
Topics: Archaeology, Dry-Stone, Sofico Castle, Ancient Solygia, Survey
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Dec 4, 2013 Filippopoulos Michalis, Cultural Studies, Hellenic Open University
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From an entire millennium of the Byzantine Empire, in this essay we will focus on two important centuries, 11th and 12th. What will mainly concern us is the Byzantine society in relation to the “others”, that is minorities and groups of people of foreign origin and religion. This essay is divided into two main parts. In the first we will describe the ways and means through which the inhabitants of the Byzantine Empire came in contact with the groups of individuals mentioned above. These...
Topics: Byzantine Studies, Byzantine Empire
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Any attempt to highlight the elements of prehistoric art is a de facto complex process and requires specific typological and genre classifications. Based on the above mentioned, this essay spans in two separate sections. The first describes three prehistoric works -a Cycladic vase, a Minoan fresco and a Mycenaean blade- and highlights their stylistic and cultural features. The second section describes an Attic geometric vase and an archaic Attic column, and attempts to incorporate them into the...
Topics: Archaeology, Art, Prehistory
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History not only captures the great moments of humanity, but also monitors man in his long course and records his ideas and small daily needs and practices. And it is precisely through the historical testimonies, but also through the rituals, that the researchers seek evidence to reconstruct the image of man and to highlight the special features, achievements and events of each people and each historical period. In this research context we will comprehensively bring to life the forms of...
Topics: Anthropology, Ritual, Music, Dance, Speech
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Dec 2, 2013 Mavromatti Maria, Post-Doc Researcher, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki
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The focal point of the present essay is the three Lives of Symeon Stylites, a Syrian monk of the 5th century. Symeon was notorious to his contemporaries for his extreme ascetic practices that ensured a great reputation for him, in an expanded area, reaching Britain and Ethiopia. His mortification practices brought a keen audience to him, even before he realized what made him even more popular, his ascent on a pillar. The sources give different numbers for the height of this column....
Topics: Medieval History, Symeon Stylites, Ascetic Practices
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Dec 1, 2013 Venetopoulou Paraskevi, Cultural Studies, Hellenic Open University
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Thomas Hobbes, born in 1588, lived through one of the most turbulent periods in European history, and it is no surprise that his theories speak pessimistically of human nature. In 1610 he met Francis Bacon and was fascinated by Galileo's views on dynamics. He met Galileo in 1636 and was convinced that he had to transfer these ideas to a system of social philosophy. In 1651 he wrote Leviathan or the Matter, Form and Power of a Commonwealth Ecclesiastical and Civil , which is his most important...
Topics: Philosophy, Thomas Hobbes, Leviathan
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Dec 13, 2012 Vernicos Nicolas, Prof. Emeritus, University of the Aegean
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In May 1802, then-Secretary of State Charles Maurice Talleyrand submitted to Bonaparte the first high-ranking official of the French Republic, a memorandum accounting for what had happened in the Ionian State (République Septinsulaire) after the departure of the French Democrats, in the period 1799-1802. The minister’s interest is focused on the events of 1801, a time when an elected popular assembly, in Corfu, tried to overthrow the so-called “Byzantine” constitution of 1800. That...
Topics: History, Politics, Ionian Islands, Maurice Talleyrand
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Dec 11, 2012 Kalogeropoulos Konstantinos, Dr. University of the Aegean
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Περιεχόμενα Μαστοράκη, Α. 2012, Ειρωνεία και Ουμανισμός στο Μωρίας Εγκώμιον, 6-9. Καλογερόπουλος, Κ. 2012, Ήρωες θεραπευτές και Ασκληπιός, 10-15. Τσοπάνης, Κ. 2012, Ορθοδοξία και Ισλάμ, προσεγγίσεις και αντιπαλότητες, 16-22. Κωνσταντάκης, Ν., Παλαιγεωργίου, Γ., Σιώζος, Π. 2012, Η Διδακτική της...
Topics: Philology, Mythology, Economy, Environment, Archaeology, Medicine, Religion
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Dec 10, 2012 Monti Aikaterini, Pediatrician, National Health Service Director, Writer
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Human body, like any large organism, has and develops defense mechanisms against “foreign invaders”, whether they are microorganisms or cells or substances that are generally recognized as hostile-harmful. The molecules that are recognized as hostile and cause the immune-response are called antigens and each microorganism has many of them, mainly proteins. However, the defense of our body and the reduction of the infection is supported and achieved through the immune response against not...
Topics: Biomedicine, Vaccines, Immune Responce, Antigens
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Dec 7, 2012 Athanasopoulos Panagiotis, Archaeologist, University of Thessaly
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Depictions of Negroes and Pygmies occupy a special place in ancient Greek pottery and iconography. The artistic value and stylistic peculiarities of these vessels go hand in hand, in almost every case, with a disposition of a sociological and anthropological approach to the subject. Their entry into the ancient Greek world aroused the interest of artists and was the trigger and the means for Greek art to take a direction that would serve the specific political needs of ancient Greek society...
Topics: Archaeology, Ancient Geek Pottery, Negroes, Pygmies
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Dec 6, 2012 Dascalopoulou Sofia, Prof. Emerita, University of the Aegean; Vernicos Nicolas, Prof. Emeritus, University of the Aegean
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Dry stone structures have been a tool for the control and humanization of space since prehistory. The stone was used as well as fire to shape and utilize the natural environment of humans. The space that has been shaped by dry stone constructions becomes a place where the special relations between the societies and their natural environment develop, where the people intervene and create micro-environments and microclimates. These relationships acquire meaning within a “culture”, or many...
Topics: Anthropology, Dry-Stone, Environment, Micro-Climate
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Dec 5, 2012 Kalogeropoulos Konstantinos, Dr. University of the Aegean
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Although Asclepius is not considered an important god of Greek mythology he is a central figure in the context of archetypal hero-healers. He also took part in the journey of the Argonauts and the hunt for Caledonian Boar, a fact that includes him in the lives of the most important heroes of Greek mythology. Asclepius was also an important figure in the drama that that has been unfolded between Apollo, Zeus and the Cyclops, known to us through the theatrical drama of Euripides Alcestis.
Topics: Anthropology, Hero-Healer, Asclepius, Asclepius
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Dec 5, 2012 Philippopoulos Michalis, Cultural Studies, Hellenic Open University
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The following research focuses on two seemingly irrelevant individuals of Modern Greek history. One is Charilaos Trikoupis and the second is Greek writer Emmanuel Rhoides. Our aim is to outline the economic policy of the former, which he designed and implemented during the various periods in which he was prime minister, and to comment on an excerpt from an article by the latter in the newspaper “Asmodeos”. These two men were not strangers to each other. Considering that Rhoides was a...
Topics: History, Emmanuel Rhoides, Charilaos Trikoupis, Asmodeos
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Dec 3, 2012 Konstantakis Nikos, Informatics, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki; Siozos Panagiotis, Informatics, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki; Palaigeorgiou Giorgos, Informatics, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki
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The aim of this essay is to describe modern educational methods that encourage the creation of appropriate learning experiences and to present the process applied and the conclusions drawn from the seminar "Professional Ethics in Informatics", held at the Information Laboratory of the Department of Multimedia, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, in June 2003.
Topics: Computer Science, Computer Ethics, Computer Science Teaching
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Oct 16, 2012 Mastoraki Androniki, Msc in Systematic Philosophy, National and Kapodistrian University
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In order to present effectively the function of irony and its relation to the spirit of Humanism, we will use Erasmus’ work Moriae Encomium. Erasmus knew Latin and ancient Greek and studied classical and biblical literature. He maintained personal contact with many scholars of his time, traveling frequently and exchanging letters. Although he was a clergyman, his main occupation was the translation of ancient sources, the editing and the new edition of classical and biblical literature, and...
Topics: Literature, Erasmus, Moriae Encomium
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Jan 15, 2012 Tsopanis Konstantinos, Dr. University of Bucarest
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Orthodoxy was the first Christian doctrine that, due to its geographical proximity, from the very beginning was confronted with the new faith called Islam, as well as with its expansionist tendencies. The attitude of the Orthodox towards Islam has not always been the same. At first they tried to get to know it and to approach it within the framework of a "theological dialogue", which was often proselytizing, while later they stood negatively against it as defenders, especially when it...
Topics: Religion, Orthodoxy, Islam
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Dec 5, 2011 Kalogeropoulos Konstantinos, Dr. University of the Aegean
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Περιεχόμενα   Μπαταργιάς, T. 2011, Κ. Καβάφης: Απόπειρα ερμηνευτικής ανάλυσης σε επτά από τα ποιήματά του, 6-12.  Καλογερόπουλος, Κ. 2011, Ο χορός στην αρχαία Ελλάδα,13-19.  Μόντη, Κ. 2011, Ο Πόνος, 20-24.  Καλογερόπουλος, Κ. 2011, Θέτις, η θεϊκή προστασία στην ομηρική αφήγηση, 25-31.  Βερόνα, Ο. 2011,...
Topics: Archaeology, Anthropology, Religion, Culture
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Oct 26, 2011 Pneumatikos Konstantinos, Archaeologist, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens
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The Middle Minoan period is the period of great upheavals and shocking innovations in all aspects of Minoan life. The post-Minoan phase is the one that comes to materialize these innovations, leading the Minoan civilization to its peak and the inhabitants of the island to the zenith of their prosperity. It is during this period that all forms of administrative centralization seem to take on their final form: palaces, small palaces, rich urban or rural mansions. One of those built at the...
Topics: Archaeology, Prehistory, Minoan Civilization, Hagia Triada, Minoan Settlement
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Oct 4, 2011 Tsopanis Konstantinos, Dr. University of Bucarest
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In every conversation about the French Revolution, everyone's mind goes to a spontaneous outburst of the French people against royal and ecclesiastical domination, which took place on the occasion of the economic hardship to which the country was driven by the poor economic management of the politicians and incompetence of the local government by King Louis XVI. Notwithstanding the fact that the French Revolution was a great event that shocked and shook Europe - defeating it in the ensuing wars...
Topics: History, French Revolution, Masonry
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Jun 30, 2011 Mastoraki Androniki, Msc in Systematic Philosophy, National and Kapodistrian University
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Thucydides was the first to write a scientific history. His orations cover a large part of his unsurpassed work, which is dedicated to the Peloponnesian War. They present all the aspects of the causes that determine the actions of the opponents, while at the same time they are a lesson for each historian in terms of how to structure the speech, so that he acquires interest and analyzes in depth the historical fact. In this essay, we will first attempt to identify the main correspondences...
Topics: History, Thucydides, Orations, Peloponnesian War
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Jun 3, 2011 Kalogeropoulos Konstantinos, Dr. University of the Aegean
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According to the legend, Thetis gave birth to a son, Achilles, whom she tried unsuccessfully to make immortal. In another version of the myth, the infant's body was anointed with ambrosia and set on fire in order to burn the mortal parts. When she was interrupted by the frightened father of the child, she angrily left her home. In a later version, the child is said to have sunk into the river Styx, holding it by the heel. All points touched by the river became invulnerable. The heel, however,...
Topics: Anthropology, Mythology, Philology, Thetis, Homeric Narrative
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May 5, 2011 Verona Ornela, Architect, National Technical University of Athens
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Every product of modern science and technology is based on knowledge acquired in the past and forms the basis for the production of new sophisticated methods in the future. And so in an attempt by the two notable Albanian architects Emin Rita, Pirro Thomo, to understand the morphological system of the Albanian residence, we find that its evolution is closely related to the historical and social reality of the time.
Topics: Architecture, Rural Albanian Residence